Meat and fish are often thought of as a source of food poisoning. However, fruits and vegetables are the main culprits, especially during raw vegetable season. A little reminder of the rules to follow for doing theand full of risk-free nutrients.
You never exceed the expiration date written on the packaging of your chopped steaks, keep the fish only fresh, look carefully at how yogurt looks before you eat it… But are you also careful with fruits and vegetables? Because they transmit a norovirus (the virus responsible for diarrhea) in 46% of cases, according to data collected by researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) after analyzing cases of food poisoning in the US.
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Among plants, leafy vegetables (salads, cabbage, etc.) are the most at risk, as they alone account for 22% of food poisoning cases. This is followed by poultry (responsible for 22% of poisonings) and dairy products (14%).
On the other hand, the most serious cases, resulting in hospitalizations, are linked almost as much to meat and dairy products (46%) as to plants (42%). Only 6% of cases are attributed to fish and seafood. Finally, 43% of deaths each year are attributed to meat, while only 25% are due to plant foods and 19% to poultry.
How to properly clean your fruits and vegetables?
Spring and summer are also a time of great vulnerability because we consume a lot more raw vegetables while cooking kills these bacteria. Between picnics, aperitifs in the garden and dinners that drag on the esplanade, the possibilities of contamination increase. Why bacteria like E. colilove the heat to grow. And sometimes it takes less than two hours to colonize food without us noticing.
Therefore, it is necessary to adopt good gestures avoid as much as possible consuming products that are unsuitable for consumption.
We wash our hands with soap before handling fruits and vegetables and rinse them under clean water before eating them.
Keep fruits and vegetables away from raw (uncooked) meat, even when transporting in the refrigerator.
Keep your fruits and vegetables cold! When eating out, fruits and vegetables should be stored at a maximum temperature of 4°C in a shaded refrigerator.
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Unwashed raw vegetables can be dangerous TRUTH. Fruits and vegetables must be immaculate and free from all traces of soil. They must be washed well in potable water and peeled if necessary. Includes pre-washed salads in sachets. It is essential, especially for pregnant women, to prevent toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease that affects both mother and baby. A bath in vinegar water will be even more effective.
You can eat all fruits harvested in the wild and in the garden TRUTH. But, due to possible contamination by animals, those caught close to the ground should be consumed cooked: jams, pies, jams… . And, of course, we wash our kitchen utensils and our hands with soap and water, especially if we’ve just done some gardening.
Raw vegetables contain more vitamins and enzymes TRUTH. As they have not undergone any cooking, they retain all their vitamins, enzymes and chlorophyll. Provided, of course, to choose them ultra-fresh, if possible picked the same day or the day before. If you have a garden, this is ideal. Otherwise, we favor small producers (Amap, market, etc.). Vitamin C oxidizes very quickly in raw form. As well as chlorophyll, detoxifying. As soon as bought (or harvested), as soon as prepared and tasted!
If you digest poorly, avoid raw vegetables FALSE. If you want to eat raw despite a restless digestive system, avoid cabbage, rinds (peppers, tomatoes, etc.) and eliminate grains (cucumbers, peppers, etc.). Then they are marinated in a sauce made with lemon or vinegar to soften the fibers. Another option: mix everything in the blender, to change the fibers keeping 100% of the plant: pulp, pulp, rind, grains… Namely: In liquid form (smoothie, juice), we tend to consume in excess. However, some plants, such as oranges, carrots, or beets, are very sweet. We usually only eat one orange, but a large glass of juice contains three or even four… Over and over again, this can be a lot.
Eating raw is good for the line TRUTH. It is good to start the meal with raw vegetables. Carrots, shredded cabbage… Raw requires long chewing, which helps to eat less. The feeling of satiety takes 20 minutes to reach the brain. If we eat raw, we chew more and, mathematically, we eat less in that period of time. In addition, raw is less caloric: with the same weight, there is more water in a raw vegetable than cooked. Finally, when chewing for a long time, each food package is coated with saliva full of enzymes (amylase, lipase), which allow better digestion of starch and fats. Not to mention biting into a raw apple is good for your teeth!