Should the ban on renting thermal colanders be postponed? Daniel Dubrac (United) vs. Marjolene Meunier-Millefer (MP)

It is better to insulate houses with dilapidated thermal performance in order to reduce heat loss and the excessive heating that accompanies them: this is the challenge in France to fight “heat filters”, these 4.8 million residential energy consumers today are classified as F or G in DPE, diagnostics energy efficiency. De facto, The renewal of these dwellings, of which there will even be 8 million according to some sources, is one of the main levers for reducing energy consumption and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. A goal that is linked to another need that has become a priority in Europe. after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine: strengthening our energy independence.

A legal commitment, enshrined in the Energy-Climate Act 2018 and backed up by the Climate and Sustainability Act 2021, this redevelopment plan is to reduce residential CO2 emissions by 20%. To do this, by 2034 in France, all houses consuming more than 450 kilowatt-hours per square meter (kWh/m²) must be renovated. This is a boon for tenants who will see their heating bills melt like snow in the sun. But a blow to the owners, who are forced to finance repairs under fear of a ban on renting out housing. The schedule is tight. From January 1, 2023, the worst thermal colanders can no longer be rented! This will be followed by all class G, F and E residential buildings from 2025, 2028 and 2034 respectively. This forced renovation worries the owners all the more because they will not be able to compensate for the costs of the work by increasing the rent. . Indeed, any interested tenant has the right to demand repairs from their landlord without increasing the rent! That distracts landlords from regular rent and penalizes the supply of housing. In addition, dIn this regard, the question arises: Should the ban on renting thermal colanders be postponed?

“The National Federation of Real Estate (FNAIM), the Association of Large Real Estate Management and Transaction Companies (Plurience) and the Union of Real Estate Trade Unions (UNIS) wish to shed light on the debate about the priorities that should be on the agenda. .The urgency is undeniable, but the strategy must be rethought. The Climate and Sustainability Act prohibits the rental of housing G, F and E, based on obscenity. It imposes a ten-year calendar. Adopted by integrating housing E, without studying its impact, it represents a sudden, unexpected, under-supported update acceleration. It authorizes the act of leasing, jeopardizing the supply of housing.

The ministry’s first project should be to revise the climate law calendar. A new Energy Efficiency Diagnostic (DPE) will identify 7 to 8 million very energy intensive homes. Without a calendar adjustment, many landlords will move away from traditional leases. The new strategy should be based on three goals: eliminate energy-intensive housing, reschedule the renovation of sustainable F and G housing, and launch an extensive support plan.

Under the revised European Energy Performance in Buildings Directive, Member States will have to ensure that new buildings from 2030 are zero-emissions. For existing buildings, states will have to set minimum performance standards: Class F in 2030 and Class E in 2033.

While the Climate Act is expanding reconstruction efforts, the European Union is proposing a strategy to eliminate all energy-intensive housing in a more realistic time frame. The revised European text assumes that buildings with an extensive work plan require energy refurbishment and there is a need for refurbishment during handover. This method is suitable for condominiums where 70% of the rent is located.

The Climate Law has created a Multi-Year Shared Ownership Plan (PPT) that restructures the fund of shared ownership works. It could be expected that the adoption of this plan would lead to the suspension of energy obscenity for its duration (10 years). This would suspend the ban on rent while still guaranteeing repairs.

deputy

“To revise this schedule would be, in my opinion, a serious mistake. This timeline of progressive restrictions was adopted during the vote during the passage of the Climate and Resilience Act. It is the result of a balance between the expectations of the members of the Civil Convention. for the climate and action potential of actors in the sector.

The rate of transformation we are talking about is imposed on us far more by climate than by law. We have 30 years left to bring the entire French building stock to a low level of consumption. (BBC) on average until 2050. The retroplan alone represents 1 million homes that must reach the BBC level every year for 30 years!

Deputies, when implementing this progressive timetable, knew that it was less demanding than the Convention or the recommendations of climate experts. But we also knew that more drastic measures would not be taken, or even technically justified. We do not have enough qualified specialists to multiply the number of repairs by 2 or 3. Thus, we have approved a clear, progressive roadmap, which, despite the seeming progressiveness, imposes radical changes in the relevant sectors.

Instead of changing the schedule, we must remove other obstacles to repair. Since this calendar does not stop anyone from moving faster, we must relentlessly share the information we have with kindness and pedagogy everywhere to remove lingering intellectual brakes.

And in another sense, we must work on developing solutions, on removing real financial and technical obstacles.

Because from 2023, 90,000 very dilapidated houses, including 70,000 private houses, will no longer be available for rent. By 2028, thermal colanders (dwellings are classified as F and G, editor’s note) You can’t rent either. This is a fair measure for those residents who actually suffer from suffocating energy stresses or become ill in these poorly insulated dwellings.

However, at the same time, the housing crisis is quite real. The goal is not to remove housing from the rental fund, but to improve the quality of life of tenants. This schedule was chosen to allow owners to renovate their accommodation before forbidding them from renting it out, and also to allow renovators to organize to meet demand.

Therefore, it is not necessary to oppose difficulties to each other or think what is enough to say to do, but to accompany everyone on the way to an effective solution to the problem.

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